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Ghana – Key Chronological Events

1482 – Portuguese set up trading settlement.

1874 – British proclaim coastal area a crown colony.

1925 – First legislative council elections take place.

1957 March – Ghana becomes independent with  Dr Kwame Nkrumah as Prime Minister.

1960 – Ghana proclaimed a republic; Nkrumah elected President.

1964 – Ghana becomes a one-party state.

1966 – Nkrumah overthrown in military coup lead by Lt Colonel E.K.Kotoka ; Russian and Chinese technicians expelled as well as  all communists allied countries and companies.

1969 – New constitution facilitates transfer of power to civilian government led by Professor Kofi Abrefa  Busia.

1972 – Busia  government ousted in military coup led by Colonel Ignatius  Kutu Acheampong.

1978 – Acheampong forced to resign in a palace coup and General Frederick  William Akuffo takes over.

Rawlings era

1979 – Akuffo deposed in coup led by Junior Officers of the GHana Army led by Captain Boakye Djan and  Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings facing trial for the 15th May insurrection,freed to lead . Acheampong and Akuffo  and executed on charges of corruption without trial on 16th June 1979.

1979 September – Rawlings hands over power to an elected president, Dr Hilla Limann.

1981 – Limann ousted in military coup led by Rawlings after two years of weak government and economic stagnation.

1983 – Rawlings adopts conservative economic policies, abolishing subsidies and price controls, privatising many state enterprises and devaluing the currency.

1992 – Referendum approves new constitution introducing a multiparty system. Rawlings elected President.

1994 – One thousand people are killed and a further 150,000 are displaced in the Northern Region following ethnic clashes between the Konkomba and the Nanumba over land ownership.

1994 June – Seven ethnic groups involved in violence in Northern Region sign peace agreement.

1995 – Government imposes curfew in Northern Region as renewed ethnic violence results in a further 100 deaths.

1996 – Jerry Rawlings re-elected President.

Kufuor era

2000 December – John Kufuor beats Vice-President John Atta Mills in the presidential election.

2001 February – Petrol prices rise by 60% following the government’s decision to remove fuel subsidies.

2001 April – Ghana accepts debt relief under a scheme designed by the World Bank and the IMF.

2001 May – National day of mourning after football stadium stampede leaves 126 dead. Inquiry blames police for overreacting to crowd trouble.

2001 June – Government scraps public holiday celebrating Rowling’s military coup in an effort to wipe out the legacy of his rule.

2001 June – Floods hit Accra, causing 10 deaths and forcing 100,000 to flee their homes.

2002 April – State of emergency is declared in the north after a tribal chief and more than 30 others are killed in clan violence. State of emergency is lifted in August 2004.

2002 May – President Kufuor inaugurates reconciliation commission to look into human rights violations during military rule.

2003 October – Government approves merger of two gold-mining firms, creating new gold-mining giant.

2004 February – Former President Jerry Rawlings testifies at commission investigating human rights offences during the early years of his rule.

2004 October – Group of current and former military personnel detained on suspicion of planning to destabilise government ahead of elections.

2004 December – Presidential poll: Incumbent John Kufuor wins a second term.

2005 April-May – Thousands of Togolese refugees arrive, fleeing political violence in their home country.

2006 April – A boat capsizes on Lake Volta reservoir; more than 100 passengers are feared drowned.

2006 June – Visiting Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao promises to lend Ghana about $66m to fund development projects. He is on an African tour aimed at opening new export markets for China’s booming economy and at securing energy and mineral supplies.

2007 March – Ghana celebrates 50 years of independence from Britain.

Oil discovered

2007 June – Major off-shore oil discovery announced. President Kufuor says oil will turn Ghana into an “African tiger”.

2007 September – The worst floods for more than 30 years cause widespread devastation, destroying much of the annual harvest.

2007 December – President Kufuor says off-shore oil reserves total 3 billion barrels.

2008 December – John Atta Mills elected president.

2009 July – US President Barack Obama visits.

Ghana secures a $600m three-year loan from the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

2009 October – Controversy over sale of national communications network Ghana Telecom, allegedly for less that it was worth.

2010 December – Offshore oil production begins.

2011 July – President John Atta Mills chosen as ruling National Democratic Congress party’s candidate for the 2012 presidential election, defeating Nana Konadu Agyemang-Rawlings, wife of former President Jerry Rawlings.

2011 August – UK-based oil exploration company Tullow Oil, says it will spend at least $4bn to develop oil fields off the coast of Ghana.

2012 July – President John Atta Mills dies.

2012 July Vice President Mahama sworn in as President by parliament

2012 Mahama wins elections and the opposition NPP declares elections were not free and fair and institutes court action

2013 January 7 Mahama sworn in as President

2016 Elections Akufo Addo wins a landslide at the polls to become President

2017 Ghana enjoys Free SHS for the first time in her 63 years of existence.

2018 Measures taken to acknowledge the work of Industrialist Apostle Kwadwo Sarfo with government encouraging Ghanaians to buy  his made in Ghana cars.

2020 February, World Pandemic (World War Three) Corona Virus coded COVID 19 wrecking havoc so far 203 Ghanaians have lost their lives and 40,533 infected.

Please help us fill up any missing or new prominet events in Ghana

Started Ghanamindset in 2011 purposely to help our Ghanaian society have a better view of appreciating that mediocrity has never built and develop any nation. We have this layback attitude that we always think,when something is going wrong, " I am not responsible to fix it". There are many instances that we could have applied common sense to tackle a situation but our laissez-faire attitude would let us walk past unconcerned. Born and educated in Ghana in 1952 and currently living in the UK.


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